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About Hong Kong

Situated at the southeastern tip of China, Hong Kong lies at the centre of rapidly developing East Asia.

Hong Kong is a major services economy, with particularly strong links to mainland China and the rest of the Asia-Pacific region. It is one of the world's most popular destinations for travellers, whether coming for pleasure or business, and is truly a place where East meets West.

History

Hong Kong, a small trading port in the 19th Century, is today one of the world's leading financial and business centres.

Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on July 1, 1997, after more than a century and a half of British administration.

Hong Kong has a high degree of autonomy, except in defence and foreign affairs, and is governed under the "One Country, Two Systems" policy.

Hong Kong's constitutional document is the Basic Law which ensures that the city's economic, legal and social systems will remain unchanged until at least 2047.

Location

Situated at the southeastern tip of China, Hong Kong lies at the centre of rapidly developing East Asia. With a total area of 1,104 square kilometres, Hong Kong is divided into three main regions: Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, and the New Territories.

Population

Hong Kong has a population of about 7 million. Population density was 6,460 people per square kilometre at end-2008.

Language

Chinese and English are the official languages of Hong Kong. English is widely used in the Government and by the legal, professional and business sectors. The majority of the population speaks Cantonese. In recent years, the use of Putonghua (Mandarin Chinese) has increased dramatically as economic and social ties with the mainland of China continue to develop and deepen.

Economy

Hong Kong is consistently rated the world's freest economy by esteemed think tanks in the US and Canada. It also ranks highly in global competitiveness reports, and has been identified as a 'city of the future' in a study on the economic potential of cities.

Hong Kong's economy is based on free trade, low taxes, and minimum government intervention.

For its small size, Hong Kong ranks highly on a global scale in trade, finance and investment-related areas.

It is a major services economy, with particularly strong links to Mainland China and the rest of the Asia-Pacific region and is one of the world's most popular destination cities for tourists, business travellers and exhibitions and conventions.